Feeling sleepy during daytime occasionally is pretty normal but if the need of daytime sleep is much frequent, it can hinder a person’s work and daily life routine. Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), also known as Narcolepsy is a neurological disease in which a person feels a repetitive need to sleep during day time. It also includes tiredness, drowsiness, energy deficiency and idleness.
People suffering from EDS can face a tough time fighting off the impulsion to take a nap during daytime. The urge to fall asleep can disturb them while working, driving, meetings or even during meal times. This in turn directly affects the performance of individuals and causes them to slow down their activities. It can directly affect the social and personal life of an individual and it is a disorder that needs to be cured instantly.
Causes of Excessive Daytime Sleepiness
Excessive Daytime Sleepiness can be caused as a result of various physical conditions or it could simply be a tough work schedule that does not allow sufficient sleep. Ultimately, the end result is a never ending craving for sleep during day time. Some of the common causes of Excessive Daytime Sleepiness are as follows:
Bad sleeping schedule
People who do not follow a proper sleeping schedule are likely to be hit by EDS. Those who sleep late in the day may not feel the urge to sleep during the night time. This can cause a disturbed sleeping scheduled and as a result the compulsion to sleep disrupts day time activities.
Lack of energy and idleness is also one of the causes of Nacrolepsy. People who are free or less occupied with mental or physical activities can fall to Nacrolepsy as their brain does not exercise enough to maintain mental sharpness. Lack of physical activities majorly contributes to sleep urge. This is one reason that fat people are mostly hit by this sleep disorder.
Unhealthy Eating Schedule
People who do not follow a proper diet schedule tend to eat at different times of the day. Some meals have the tendency to restrain from sleeping. Having such meals at late hours of the day can disturb the sleeping schedule of an individual
Apart from the above mentioned causes, there are other medical problems associated with EDS. These problems include Idiopathic hypersomnia, breath related sleep disorders behavioral sleep disorders and psychiatric conditions.
Symptoms of Excessive Sleep Disorder
Excessive Daytime Sleepiness has a number of obvious symptoms. Some useful tools have been developed to diagnose complex symptoms. Some of the symptoms of EDS are given below:
- A person may feel idleness or dormancy during the daytime.
- Feeling of depression or stress
- Individuals suffering from EDS are likely to cut off their social activities and move into isolation.
- Dropping professional or educational performance due to inattentiveness to work.
Treatment for Excessive Daytime Sleepiness
Therapists and doctors suggest numerous ways to get rid of EDS. Tools such as Multiple Sleep Latency Testor Epworth Sleepiness Scalehelp in diagnosing EDS. There are other physical and medical treatments for the problem. Some of them are given below:
- Proper sleep schedule can greatly help EDS patients.
- Adequate meal timings can allow building a proper sleep plan.
- It is important to go to bed only when there is an intense urge of sleeping. Trying to sleep without this urge can lead to a sleepless night.
- Exercising is an important tool to counter EDS as it keeps the brain sharp during day time which ultimately causes it to tire during the night. This helps sleep better at night.
- Medications such as Dextroamphetamine, Metamphetamine and Modafinil etc. can also be used following a prescription from a medical consultant.
Excessive Daytime Sleepiness is a common sleeping disorder which can affect individuals of all ages. However, diagnosis and treatment of EDS is much convenient which cannot only help patients recover from the disease but also help them improve their professional performance.